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Les modèles sociaux européens dans la tourmente : quel impact de la crise sur la pauvreté ?

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    Abstract

    We study the impact the current economic crisis has had on poverty in Europe. We focus on five countries, namely Frùance, Germany, Spain, Sweden and the UK, each of them standing for a social model. Firstly, we observed the differences between models in terms of poverty and noted that in each country the strongest barrier against poverty remains employment. The economic downturn then increases the risk of poverty and challenges European models' capacity to contain that risk. We insist on the possible perverse effects of recent "activation" reforms on European labour markets given the lack of jobs in the current context. Secondly, we studied the way in which each country responded to the crisis and witnessed that activation principles are still called upon. However, it seems that social protection systems that were already at work before the crisis remain essential in the fight against poverty ; the measures implemented to face the crisis will only play a marginal role in this respect.

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    File URL: ftp://mse.univ-paris1.fr/pub/mse/CES2010/10003.pdf
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    Paper provided by Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne in its series Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne with number 10003.

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    Length: 26 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:mse:cesdoc:10003

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    Keywords: Crisis; poverty; social protection models; activation.;

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