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Choix d’un régime monétaire et pauvreté des ménages : l’exemple du currency board argentin

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  • Emilie Laffiteau

    (CATT - UPPA)

  • Jean-Marc Montaud

    (CATT – UPPA et GED, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)

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    Abstract

    Cette analyse montre l’impact du choix du régime de Currency Board sur la pauvreté des ménages en Argentine. Un tel régime monétaire introduisant des contraintes majeures sur l’économie, notamment sur le marché du travail, nous partons d’une désagrégation des ménages argentins identifiant leurs différentes modalités d’insertion sur ce marché et dégageant leur vulnérabilité respective en termes de pauvreté. Dans un second temps, nous construisons un modèle EGC financier incorporant les mécanismes du Currency Board, les principales caractéristiques de l’économie argentine, ainsi que les indicateurs de pauvreté et d’inégalités des différents groupes de ménages. Trois types de simulations sont effectuées pour retracer les différentes conditions économiques qu’a pu connaître l’Argentine à la fin des années quatre-vingt dix : renforcement des politiques d’austérité, instabilité financière et ouverture commerciale. Elles montrent comment réagit cette économie contrainte par le Currency Board et quelles sont les répercussions en termes de pauvreté et d’inégalités. This study shows the impact of the choice of a Currency Board regime on household’s poverty in Argentina. Such monetary system introducing strong constraints on the economy, in particular on its labour market, we make an argentines households stratification witch identify their different occupational integration conditions on its market and show their respective vulnerability on poverty. Secondly, we build a financial general equilibrium model which includes Currency Board mechanisms, the main features of the argentine economy and inequality and poverty indicators. Three types of simulations illustrate the economic conditions that go through Argentina in the end of the nineties: austerity politics strengthening, financial instability and commercial liberalisation. Each simulation explains how the argentine economy, constraint by the Currency Board, react and show the consequences on poverty and inequality. (Full text in french)

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 128.

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    Length: 17 pages
    Date of creation: May 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:128

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