Inequality and higher education in Italy The distributive impact of fees and subsidies to academics
AbstractIn this paper we evaluate in monetary terms the benefits from attending a post-secondary degree in an Italian university. We also propose a microsimulation model that takes into account the spatial distribution of scholarships, fees and other monetary and in-kind services related to the university sector. In this way, it is possible to obtain a good approximation of the real net benefit gained from attending a post-secondary Italian degree and to study its distributive impact on both the users and the whole Italian population. We will provide evidence that the benefits from public higher education have universalistic features. However, the tax-system that is applied by each university is slightly regressive whilst subsidies have a high potential in terms of redistribution, even though the allocated funds are not enough to create any significant effect. Given these results, a new tax-policy is proposed to overcome some of the problems of the present system.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia Politica in its series Center for the Analysis of Public Policies (CAPP) with number 0069.
Date of creation: Oct 2009
Date of revision:
microsimulation; inequality; in-kind benefits; higher education; university; tuition fees; subsidy;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
- D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
- H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
- H42 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Publicly Provided Private Goods
- H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
- I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education and Research Institutions
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-08-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2010-08-14 (Education)
- NEP-LAB-2010-08-14 (Labour Economics)
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