Decomposing Redistributive Effects of Taxes and Transfers in Annual and Lifetime Contexts
AbstractThis paper decomposes the redistributive effect on annual and lifetime inequality of a range of taxes and transfers in Australia, using a dynamic cohort lifetime simulation model. The model allows for family formation, births of children, labour force participation of male and females, along with income dynamics. The redistributive effect is decomposed into vertical, horizontal and reranking effects. Horizontal inequities in the tax and transfer system are found to be negligible. The extent of reranking is much greater in the lifetime than in the annual context and is significantly affected by the equivalence scales used to adjust household incomes. If no adjustment is made to household incomes, reranking is about 9 per cent of the reduction in lifetime inequality. However, if each child is counted as equivalent to one-third of an adult, reranking is found to be less than 1 per cent.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The University of Melbourne in its series Department of Economics - Working Papers Series with number 703.
Length: 16 pages
Date of creation: 1999
Date of revision:
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Postal: Department of Economics, The University of Melbourne, 5th Floor, Economics and Commerce Building, Victoria, 3010, Australia
Phone: +61 3 8344 5289
Fax: +61 3 8344 6899
Web page: http://www.economics.unimelb.edu.au
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TAXATION ; INCOME ; INCOME REDISTRIBUTION;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
- D30 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - General
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