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Indicators of Potential Conflict

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  • Mansoob Murshed

    ()
    (Institute of Social Studies, The Hague)

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    Abstract

    This paper focuses on the main factors that contribute to the dangers of violent internal conflict erupting, or re-igniting after a peace has been concluded. The conflict literature has identified greed and grievance as the principle causes of conflict. But for either of them to take the form of large-scale violence there must be other factors at work, specifically a weakening of the 'social contract'. Such a viable social contract can be sufficient to restrain opportunistic behaviour such as theft of resource rents and violent expression of grievance. The social contract, therefore, refers to the mechanisms and institutions of peaceful conflict resolution. Three main risk factors are considered in this briefing: The breakdown of redistributive mechanisms, democratic transitions and lack of economic progress.

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    File URL: http://www.microconflict.eu/publications/PB1_MM.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2008
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by MICROCON - A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict in its series Policy Briefings with number 1.

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    Length: 4 pages
    Date of creation: 2008
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:mcn:polbrf:1

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    Related research

    Keywords: Conflict; civil war; greed versus grievance; social contract; democratic transition; redistributive mechanisms;

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