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Pauvreté et vulnérabilité au Burkina Faso: Indicateur composite de Noyau dur de la pauvreté

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  • Alaya Ouarme
  • Idrissa Ouili
  • Awa Maty Basse
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    Abstract

    Les programmes de réduction des inégalités entre les pays et entre individus ont suscité le réveil des consciences sur la problématique de la pauvreté et favorisé la mise en œuvre de techniques de mesure et d’analyse. Au Burkina Faso, les stratégies de réduction de la pauvreté restent essentiellement déterminées par des études sur son aspect monétaire. L’analyse empirique basée sur une approche factorielle indique que les incidences de pauvreté sont élevées, notamment pour la pauvreté multidimensionnelle de besoins de base et la pauvreté subjective. Une approche cumulative sur l’ensemble des noyaux de pauvreté montre aussi que 37,7% des ménages manifestent les trois formes de pauvreté selon la méthode simpliste d’intersection et seulement 12,3% selon l’approche factorielle, identifiant ainsi le noyau dur de la pauvreté. Le gouvernement devrait promouvoir une politique ciblée sur chaque dimension de pauvreté en mettant l’accent sur le développement rural par l’accès aux services sociaux de base.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2010-02.

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    Date of creation: 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2010-02

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    Keywords: Pauvreté; vulnérabilité; politiques économiques et sociales; analyse multidimensionnelle; noyau dur; seuil; modèle logistique; Burkina Faso;

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