Bretton-Woods Systems, Old and New, and the Rotation of Exchange-Rates Regimes
AbstractA recent contribution to the literature argues that the present international monetary system in many ways operates like the Bretton-Woods system. Asia is the new periphery of the system and pursues an export-led development strategy. The members of the new periphery peg their currencies to the U.S. dollar at undervalued exchange rates and accumulate foreign reserves. In contrast, the old periphery - - consisting of Western Europe, Canada and parts of Latin America - - interacts with the centre with flexible exchange rates; its aggregate current account has been roughly in balance. As under the older system, the United States remains the centre country, pursuing a monetary-policy strategy that overlooks the exchange rate. An implication of this argument is the following asymmetry hypothesis: under both regimes the United States does not take external factors into account in conducting monetary policy while the periphery does take external factors into account. We provide results of a test of the asymmetry hypothesis. Then, we present a new method for decomposition of the business cycle using a time-varying-coefficient technique that allows us to test the relationship between the cycle and macroeconomic policies. We apply this technique to five countries for three sub-periods over the 1959 to 2007 period.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, University of Leicester in its series Discussion Papers in Economics with number 09/15.
Date of creation: Sep 2009
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Postal: Department of Economics University of Leicester, University Road. Leicester. LE1 7RH. UK
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Other versions of this item:
- Stephen G. Hall & George Hondroyiannis & P. A. V. B. Swamy & George S. Tavlas, 2011. "Bretton‐Woods Systems, Old And New, And The Rotation Of Exchange‐Rate Regimes," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 79(2), pages 293-317, 03.
- Stephen Hall & George Hondroyiannis & P.A.V.B Swamy & George Tavlas, 2010. "Bretton-Woods systems, old and new, and the rotation of exchange-rate regimes," Working Papers, Bank of Greece 112, Bank of Greece.
- C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models &bull Diffusion Processes
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
- F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-04-17 (All new papers)
- NEP-IFN-2010-04-17 (International Finance)
- NEP-MON-2010-04-17 (Monetary Economics)
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- Dariusz Urban, 2011. "Macroeconomic Considerations and Motives of Sovereign Wealth Funds Activity," Contemporary Economics, University of Finance and Management in Warsaw, University of Finance and Management in Warsaw, vol. 5(2), June.
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