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Recherche, productivité et externalités internationales : une analyse économétrique sur données de panel pour un groupe de pays de l'OCDE

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  • MUSOLESI, Antonio

    (LEG - CNRS UMR 5118 - Université de Bourgogne)

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    Abstract

    Cette étude, suite au travail de Coe et Helpman (1995) et des revisitassions qui ont suivi - au sujet de la propagation des connaissances grâce au commerce international - tente de déterminer l'ampleur véritable du lien entre le stock de connaissances et la productivité sur un échantillon en panel de seize pays de l'OCDE sur la période 1981-98. Elle contribue de deux façons aux analyses déjà publiées dans ce domaine. En premier lieu, nous avons enrichit le modèle de base en introduisant différents stocks de capital en R&D (entreprises domestiques, Etat, Universités) et bien évidemment R&D étrangère pour tester la présence d'effets de propagation entre pays. En second lieu, nous avons combiné une spécification du modèle la plus adaptée à la définition de la R&D étrangère avec des méthodes d'estimation les plus appropriées par rapport à la nature des données, notamment celles dérivantes de l'application de la théorie asymptotique des panels cointégrés développée par Kao et Chiang (2000). Les estimations obtenues avec les différentes méthodes sont relativement proches, bien que les résultats obtenus pour la recherche étrangère à partir des différentes spécifications adoptées, présentent un certain degré de contradiction.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne in its series LEG - Document de travail - Economie with number 2006-07.

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    Length: 23 pages
    Date of creation: Jul 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:2006-07

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    Keywords: R&D ; productivité ; transmission des connaissances ; cointégration en panel;

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