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Volkswirtschaftliche Aspekte der Open-Source-Softwareentwicklung

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Abstract

Das Papier charakterisiert die spezifischen Eigenschaften des Gutes Software. Als Alternative zur Bereitstellung von Software über Märkte werden die Charakteristika der "freien" Open-Source-Softwareentwicklung dargestellt, bei der die Entwickler auf eine unmittelbare kommerzielle Verwertung ihrer erstellten Leistung verzichten und den Quellcode öffentlich zugänglich machen. Der Schwerpunkt liegt dabei weniger auf einer ökonomischen Begründung solcher freiwilligen Beiträge zu einem Softwareprojekt, sondern auf den volkswirtschaftlichen Effizienzwirkungen dieser Produktionsweise. Zentrale Bedeutung wird den Aspekten der Humankapitalbildung und -allokation, der Rolle der Wissensakkumulation und der positiven Spillovereffekte von Wissen, sowie der Wirkung auf die Wettbewerbsintensität im kommerziellen Softwaresektor beigemessen. Ferner wird diskutiert, inwiefern das Open-Source-Modell gegenüber der Bereitstellung über den Markt Defizite bei der Durchsetzung von Konsumentenpräferenzen aufweist. Das Papier ist gleichzeitig ein kritischer Kommentar zur Open-Source-Software-Studie von Kalwey u.a. (2003).

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File URL: http://www.wiwi.uni-jena.de/Papers/wp-sw1804.pdf
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Paper provided by Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät in its series Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft with number 18/2004.

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Date of creation: Jul 2004
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Handle: RePEc:jen:jenasw:2004-18

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Related research

Keywords: Software; Open Source; Closed Source; Humankapital; Wissen; Netzwerkeffekte; Spillover; Effizienz; Verwertungsrechte; Marktunvollkommenheit.;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Sebastian von Engelhardt, 2006. "Die ökonomischen Eigenschaften von Software," Jenaer Schriften zur Wirtschaftswissenschaft 14/2006, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.

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  2. Portal:Freie Software/Literatur in Wikipedia German ne '')

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