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The ART of Life: IVF or Child Adoption?

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  • Gumus, Gulcin

    ()
    (Florida Atlantic University)

  • Lee, Jungmin

    ()
    (Sogang University)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effects of child adoption on the utilization of assisted reproductive technology (ART) in the US. Using state-level longitudinal data for 1999-2006, we show that ART use is responsive to changes in adoption markets. Controlling for state-specific fixed effects, the estimated elasticity of ART cycles performed with respect to child adoptions is about -0.13 to -0.15. The responsiveness is higher when we consider infant adoptions, adoptions by older women, and international adoptions while there is no substitutability between ART and adoption of related children. Our findings suggest that public policies regarding adoption, including subsidies, influence ART use.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4761.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4761

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Related research

Keywords: infertility treatment; in vitro fertilization (IVF); assisted reproductive technology (ART); child adoption;

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Cited by:
  1. "Moriguchi, Chiaki", 2010. "Child Adoption in Japan, 1948-2008―A Comparative Historical Analysis―," Economic Review, Hitotsubashi University, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 61(4), pages 342-357, January.
  2. Moriguchi, Chiaki, 2012. "The Evolution of Child Adoption in the United States, 1950-2010: An Economic Analysis of Historical Trends," Discussion Paper Series, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University 572, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

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