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Economic Rationales For and Against Place-Based Policy

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  • Kilkenny, Maureen
  • Kraybill, David

Abstract

Most economists understand that "place-based" policies are justified by (i) place uniqueness (spatial heterogeneity), (ii) undesirable spatial consequences of economic growth and change, (iii) inefficiencies due to jurisdictional fragmentation, (iv) significant spatial interdependencies between metro and non-metro places, and (v) the potential to generate greater nation-wide welfare gains using place-based rather than other policies. This paper lays out the economic rationales both for and against place-based policy. The pitfalls and shortcomings of place-based policies include that the policies may (i) generate nothing but rents for the property owners in targeted places, (ii) attract or retain (trap) poor people in poor areas, (iii) distort business as well as human migration decisions, (iv) enable the postponement of necessary adjustments, (v) create dependencies, and are (vi) subject to abuse by place-based politicians.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Iowa State University, Department of Economics in its series Staff General Research Papers with number 11730.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2003
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Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:11730

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Postal: Iowa State University, Dept. of Economics, 260 Heady Hall, Ames, IA 50011-1070
Phone: +1 515.294.6741
Fax: +1 515.294.0221
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Web page: http://www.econ.iastate.edu
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Cited by:
  1. Elena G. Irwin & Andrew M. Isserman & Maureen Kilkenny & Mark D. Partridge, 2010. "A Century of Research on Rural Development and Regional Issues," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 92(2), pages 522-553.
  2. Cristina Gradea, 2013. "Analysis And Planning Of Regional Development - Contextual Variables To Develop A Model For Monitoring Financial Indicators At Regional Level," Annals - Economy Series, Constantin Brancusi University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 6, pages 180-184, December.
  3. Mark D. Partridge & Dan S. Rickman & Kamar Ali & M. Rose Olfert, 2008. "The Geographic Diversity of U.S. Nonmetropolitan Growth Dynamics: A Geographically Weighted Regression Approach," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 84(2), pages 241-266.
  4. Enver, Ayesha & Partridge, Mark D., 2008. "Rural-Urban Migration and the Intergenerational Transmission of Wealth," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6475, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).

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