Desdobramentos de Curto e Médio Prazo da Crise Atual
AbstractA crise financeira internacional aprofundou-se no último trimestre de 2008. As multinacionais procuram se adaptar, as instituições multilaterais debatem soluções e os governos aumentam sua capacidade de intervenção na economia. O presente texto escreve as origens da crise internacional e discute algumas de suas características,mostrando a evolução recente de alguns indicadores macroeconômicos em países selecionados, e os efeitos da crise sobre as projeções econômicas de curto prazo. Em seguida, apresenta políticas adotadas por alguns países, reações de multinacionais, e posições e ações das instituições multilaterais para promover nova regulamentação nessa arena. Para este trabalho, o fulcro do problema está no setor financeiro, porém, dados os efeitos no setor real da economia, a retomada do crescimento demandará uma atitude agressiva no sentido de uma coordenação maior das políticas entre os agentes envolvidos. The current financial crisis has deepened during the end of 2008. The multinational corporations (MNCs) are trying to adapt themselves, the international organizations are debating possible solutions, and the governments are increasing their capacity to intervene in the economy. This work presents the origins of the crisis and some of its characteristics. It also shows the recent trends on selected countries` macroeconomic indicators, as well as the crisis effects on short term economic projections. Then it indicates the policies adopted by some countries, the reactions of MNCs, and actions and positions of multilateral organizations to promote a new financial regulatory framework.The work considers that the source of the problem is in the financial sector. However, due to the effects on the economy`s real sector, the growth recovery will demand a strong action toward more political cooperation between the agents involved.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1441.
Length: 42 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
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