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O Bolsa Família e a Oferta de Trabalho das Famílias

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Author Info

  • Alan de Brauw

    ()
    (International Food Policy Research Institute)

  • Daniel O. Gilligan

    ()
    (International Food Policy Research Institute)

  • John Hoddinott

    ()
    (International Food Policy Research Institute)

  • Shalini Roy

    ()
    (International Food Policy Research Institute)

Abstract

Uma preocupação comum acerca dos programas de tranferência de renda é de que eles podem gerar desincentivos para o trabalho. Ao elevar a renda, os recursos transferidos podem incentivar as famílias a desfrutar de mais tempo de lazer (não trabalho) e reduzir sua participação na força de trabalho ou seu número de horas trabalhadas, mesmo as famílias pobres. Evidências de estudos de avaliação de programas de transferência condicionada de renda sugerem que essas preocupações são exageradas ? a maioria dos estudos não encontra efeitos de desincentivo ? no máximo, há reduções modestas na oferta de trabalho (FISZBEIN; SCHADY, 2009). No entanto, foi dada atenção menor ao efeito dos programas de proteção social sobre outras formas de realocação de trabalho. Em particular, programas segmentados e com critérios de elegibilidade em função dos rendimentos do trabalho no setor formal podem incentivar as famílias perto do limiar de elegibilidade a realocar seu trabalho ao setor informal, para garantir a sua elegibilidade. Se este comportamento existe, ele pode vir a ter consequências inesperadas sobre os rendimentos potenciais dessas famílias, bem como sobre o crescimento econômico.

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File URL: http://www.ipc-undp.org/pub/port/IPCOnePager239.pdf
File Function: First version, 2013
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth in its series One Pager Portuguese with number 239.

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Length: 2
Date of creation: Dec 2013
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Publication status: Published by UNDP - International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth , December 2013, pages 1-2
Handle: RePEc:ipc:opport:239

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Keywords: O Bolsa Família e o Oferta de Trabalho das Famílias;

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