Political Interaction in the Senate: Estimating a Political “Spatial” Weights Matrix and an Application to Lobbying Behavior
AbstractMany motivations exist that cause legislators to behave strategically when voting. However, it is difficult to uncover the magnitude of the interaction among politicians. This paper takes a “spatial” approach to the problem, using a spatial autoregressive model where the elements of the spatial weights matrix are estimated as parameters. The political spatial weights matrix is calculated for 96 senators in the U.S. 110th Congress. Furthermore, I calculate the overall effect on voting from “flipping” a senator’s vote. I apply these measures to study political fundraising, mildly suggesting that political interest groups direct donations to senators with the most influence.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Illinois State University, Department of Economics in its series Working Paper Series with number 20111006.
Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2011
Date of revision:
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Web page: http://economics.illinoisstate.edu
Senate; Strategic Interaction; Yardstick Competition; Logrolling; Spatial Econometrics;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
- P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
- C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
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