La santé des seniors selon leur origine sociale et la longévité de leurs parents
AbstractThis article analyses the role played by childhood circumstances, especially social and family background in explaining health status in adulthood. The influence of social and health characteristics is also considered, whereby characteristics in a generation impacts the health status in the following generation, in spite of evidence showing that this happens in different ways. In this study, we particularly explore the hypothesis of an intergenerational transmission of health inequalities using a survey conducted on a general population. Since the impact of both social background and parents’ health on health status in adulthood represent circumstances independent of individual responsibility, this study allows us to test for the existence in France of inequalities of opportunity in health related to families and social determinism. Empirically, our study relies on tests of stochastic dominance at first order that are supplemented by a multivariate regression analysis. This analysis shows inequalities of opportunity in health in adulthood according to social background and parents’ longevity. We obtained different results from the two parents. The mother’s social status has a direct effect on the health of her offspring. By contrast, the effect on the descendant’s health from the father’s social status is indirect only, going through the descendant’s social status as an adult. Furthermore, there is a direct effect of each parent’s relative longevity on health in adulthood.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institut d'economie publique (IDEP), Marseille, France in its series IDEP Working Papers with number 0803.
Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2008
Date of revision: Jun 2008
early life hypothesis; equality of opportunity; health inequalities; intergenerational transmission.;
Other versions of this item:
- Alain Trannoy & Sandy Tubeuf & Marion Devaux & Florence Jusot, 2008. "La santé des seniors selon leur origine sociale et la longévité de leurs parents," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 411(1), pages 25-46.
- Trannoy, Alain & Tubeuf, Sandy & Jusot, Florence & Devaux, Marion, 2008. "La santé des seniors selon leur origine sociale et la longévité de leurs parents," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/264, Paris Dauphine University.
- I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
- J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
- I19 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Other
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- Jusot, Florence & Tubeuf, Sandy & Trannoy, Alain, 2013. "Les différences d'état de santé en France : inégalités des chances ou reflet des comportements à risques ?," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/11292, Paris Dauphine University.
- Philippe Batifoulier, 2014. "De l’aléa moral du patient aux inégalités d’accès aux soins," EconomiX Working Papers 2014-7, University of Paris West - Nanterre la Défense, EconomiX.
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