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Quelques éléments d'économie du logiciel libre

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  • Crémer, Jacques
  • Gaudeul, Alexandre

Abstract

Le terme `logiciel libre' désigne à la fois un bien -- le logiciel -- indispensable au fonctionnement des sociétés modernes informatisées, et un mode de production et de distribution -- libre. Ce mode de production et de distribution est suffisamment original pour poser des problèmes nouveaux à la fois d'analyse et de politique économique. Le but de cet article est de présenter une introduction à quelques unes des analyses économiques du logiciel libre et de ses conséquences. Il ne s'agit pas de faire un tour d'horizon complet du sujet, mais de discuter quelques points qui nous semblent particulièrement intéressants. Il ne faut donc pas chercher ici une discussion complète du sujet, mais plutôt un point de vue subjectif consistant à mettre en valeur quelques aspects de la littérature. Une première partie de ce papier définira le concept de logiciel libre : le logiciel libre se définit par l'ensemble des règles régissant son utilisation et son développement. Ces règles sont exprimées dans la licence à laquelle son utilisation doit se conformer. Une deuxième partie s'attache à étudier les raisons qui poussent à développer et utiliser des logiciels libres, et montre comment programmeurs, entreprises et usagers forment un réseau aux intérêts parfois contradictoires dont les interactions seront décrites. La troisième partie explique comment un phénomène longtemps marginal est devenu un problème de politique économique, et exposera un certain nombre des décisions que la puissance publique doit prendre.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse in its series IDEI Working Papers with number 277.

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Date of creation: Mar 2004
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Publication status: Published in Réseaux, vol.�22, n°124, 2004, p.�111-139.
Handle: RePEc:ide:wpaper:572

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  1. Josh Lerner, 2005. "The Scope of Open Source Licensing," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 21(1), pages 20-56, April.
  2. Schmidt, Klaus M. & Schnitzer, Monika, 2003. "Public Subsidies for Open Source? Some Economic Policy Issues of the Software Market," CEPR Discussion Papers 3793, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Thorsten Wichmann & Pio Baake, 2003. "Open Source Software, Competition and Potential Entry," Berlecon Research Papers 0005, Berlecon Research.
  4. Lerner, Josh & Tirole, Jean, 2002. "Some Simple Economics of Open," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(2), pages 197-234, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Gauguier, Jean-Jacques, 2009. "L’industrialisation de l’Open Source," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/4388 edited by Toledano, Joëlle, September.
  2. Morgan Meyer, 2013. "Domesticating and democratizing science: a geography of do-it-yourself biology," CSI Working Papers Series 032, Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation (CSI), Mines ParisTech.
  3. Alexandre Gaudeul, 2004. "Competition between open-source and proprietary software: the (La)TeX case study," Industrial Organization 0409007, EconWPA.

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