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Diagnóstico de crecimiento para República Dominicana

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  • Jose Maria Fanelli
  • Rolando Guzmán

Abstract

La República Dominicana mostró una buena trayectoria de crecimiento en las dos últimas décadas pero enfrenta desafíos muy relevantes en el presente. El objetivo central del trabajo es analizar estos desafíos. Con el objeto de evaluar las restricciones que podrían amenazar el crecimiento sostenido, se utiliza la metodología de “diagnóstico de crecimiento” propuesta por Hausmann, Rodrik y Velasco (2005), complementada con la noción de “síndrome de crecimiento” (Dixit, 2005) a los efectos de caracterizar qué tipo de enfermedad de crecimiento afecta al país tomando en cuenta los síntomas observados. La conclusión central es que existe un “Síndrome de Competitividad Declinante”. Una segunda conclusión importante es que para superarlo es vital crear condiciones para el descubrimiento de nuevas actividades en el sector transable de la economía. Como parte del diagnóstico se evalúan actividades con potencial competitivo. Se subrayan, también, los problemas en el sector eléctrico y la necesidad de asegurar la sustentabilidad fiscal. Esto último se requiere tanto por razones de estabilidad macroeconómica como para robustecer la capacidad operativa y financiera que necesita el Estado para fomentar el descubrimiento de nuevas actividades de alta productividad y el desarrollo de eslabonamientos con las actividades de alta productividad existentes.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 2009.

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Date of creation: Aug 2008
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:2009

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