Why it Worked: Critical Success Factors of a Financial Reform Project in Africa
AbstractLittle is written about the critical success factors that make or break a project implementing a public financial management reform in Africa. Based on the twelve year experience of Harvardâ€™s DSA project which transformed Ethiopiaâ€™s financial management in the third best on the continent, this paper presents the key factors of the projects success: task, context, patrons, roles, staff and decisions. The task was focused from the start on the basics of financial control (budget and accounts and their budget classification, chart of accounts and financial calendar) and the development of an often forgotten end state in PFM reformâ€”the self-accounting unit. Three features of context supported the project: political (close ties between the US and Ethiopia government established during the civil war), task environment (a hard budget constraint) and, serendipity (a war that ensure one set of cooks in the kitchen and removed the inevitable critique by foreign aid agencies, and the government policy of second stage devolutionâ€”which made the focal point of district level decentralization). The third CSF, the projects patrons, stayed the course, met stated commitments and did not meddle. The project performed four roles (go-between in the vacuum of decentralization), decider (making the key decisions on pilots), first responder (providing PFM innovations not specified in the terms of reference) and perhaps most important, the furniture (an object that could be kicked and blamed). The project was able to assemble the array of essential staff: all rounders, managers, technicians, networkers and a closer.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Harvard Kennedy School of Government in its series Scholarly Articles with number 4876869.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in HKS Faculty Research Working Paper Series
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-05-29 (All new papers)
- NEP-HIS-2012-05-29 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-PPM-2012-05-29 (Project, Program & Portfolio Management)
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