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Hungarian Pension System: The Permanet Reform


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  • Simonovits, András


On January 1, 1998 a three-pillar pension system was introduced in Hungary. It is replacing about 1/4 of the existing unfunded public system by a funded private system. The transition to this mixed system was obligatory for those entering the labor market after June 30, 1998 and optional for the current labor force. Meanwhile the public pillar is also being reformed. The current (1998-2002) government has made important changes to the on-going reform program started by its predecessor: The benefits under the mixed system will be less attractive than envisaged, the participation in the mixed system is not mandatory for the entrants to the labor force since the beginning of 2002 and the public pillar is to be based on the virtual individual accounts (NDC). There is a danger that the permanent changes will further weaken the trust in the mandatory (public and private) pension system.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series Discussion Paper with number 61.

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Length: 25 p.
Date of creation: Mar 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hit:piedp1:61

Note: February 25, 2002
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Cited by:
  1. Orbán, Gábor & Palotai, Dániel, 2006. "Gazdaságpolitikai és demográfiai kihívások a magyar nyugdíjrendszerben
    [The Hungarian pension system: economic-policy and demographic challenges]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(7), pages 583-603.


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