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正社員になった非正社員 : 内部化と転職の先に

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  • 玄田, 有史
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    Abstract

    本論文では学卒後に非正社員としての就業経験を持つ正社員を対象に実施した独自の調査から、非正規雇用から正規雇用への移動状況について企業内移動と企業間移動を対比し、それぞれの特徴を分析した。従来の公的統計では把握されてこなかった同一企業内での非正規から正規への移行では、非正規から正規への移動前後で共通の職種・職場を踏襲する傾向が強かった。一方、企業間での非正規から正規化への移動では、転職前後で異なる職種や職場内容を経験することが一般的である。企業内移動では仕事内容が主な基準として評価がなされ、継続就業による非正規の内部化のプロセスにおいて、既に緩やかな処遇の改善傾向が推察される。それに対し転職による企業間移動は、あくまで労働者本人が主たる評価基準であり、正社員に資すると判断されると転職後には急速な処遇改善がみられた。もう一つの新たな発見として、正社員後の年収は非正規からの移動経路に依存しないことも明らかとなった。非正規経験を持つ正規雇用の稼得収入関数を、学歴、職種、勤続年数などを制御して推定した結果、企業内移動と企業間移動で有意な差はみられなかった。正規化後の収入が経路から独立となる背景として、非正規雇用者間で企業内と企業間での移動選択に関する裁定行動が働いている可能性などが示唆された。, This paper empirically studies transitions into regular employees among those who had ever worked as non-regular employees after graduation using the original survey. Then we divide them into the inter-firm transitions and intra-firm ones. As to the intra-firm transitions which have not ever been examined by public surveys, they moved the positions, keeping the job characteristics and work placements to be almost the same. On the other hand, it is more general for inter-firm turnovers to change the types of jobs and work places. The judgment if non-regulars can be regular employees is mainly based on the work contents through the intra-firm transitions while it is based on the personality of workers through the inter-firm transitions. The work conditions improved more drastically by inter-firm transitions rather than by intra-firm ones. The annual earnings after becoming regular workers however do not depend on the paths of transitions by estimation controlling for several individual characters.

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    File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/17303/1/pie_dp423.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series PIE/CIS Discussion Paper with number 423.

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    Length: 25 p.
    Date of creation: Mar 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hit:piecis:423

    Note: How Could Non-regular Employees Become Regular Employees? Transitions through Internalization and Separation
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    Keywords: パート・派遣労働者等問題; 労働移動; 労働経済;

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