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Social Security Reforms and Labor Force Participation of the Elderly in Japan

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Author Info

  • Oshio, Takashi
  • Sato Oishi, Akiko
  • Shimizutani, Satoshi

Abstract

We examine how social security programs have affected the labor force participation (LFP) of the elderly over the past forty years in Japan. Using publicly available data, we construct forwardlooking incentive measures for inducing retirement, to ascertain the actual changes in the generosity of the programs and to explore the impact of the reforms on the labor supply of the elderly. Our regression analysis shows that the LFP of the elderly is significantly sensitive to the measures, and our counter-historical simulations show that since 1985, social security reforms have significantly encouraged the elderly to remain longer in the labor force.

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File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/16304/1/pie_dp407.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series PIE/CIS Discussion Paper with number 407.

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Length: 34 p.
Date of creation: Oct 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hit:piecis:407

Note: This paper was motivated by the International Social Security Project of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) in which the authors participated.
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Keywords: social security program; social security wealth; labor force participation of the elderly;

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Cited by:
  1. Shimizutani, Satoshi, 2011. "A new anatomy of the retirement process in Japan," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 141-152.
  2. Tsunao Okumura & Emiko Usui, 2014. "The effect of pension reform on pension-benefit expectations and savings decisions in Japan," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(14), pages 1677-1691, May.
  3. Satoshi Shimizutani & Mayu Fujii & Takashi Oshio, 2014. "Option Value of Work, Health Status, and Retirement Decisions in Japan: Evidence from the Japanese Study on Aging and Retirement (JSTAR)," NBER Chapters, in: Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Takashi Oshio & Satoshi Shimizutani, 2012. "Disability Pension Program and Labor Force Participation in Japan: An Historical Perspective," NBER Chapters, in: Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participatio, pages 391-417 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. SHIMIZUTANI Satoshi & FUJII Mayu & OSHIO Takashi, 2012. "Option Value of Work, Health Status, and Retirement Decisions: New evidence from the Japanese Study on Aging and Retirement (JSTAR)," Discussion papers 12050, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  6. SHIMIZUTANI Satoshi & OSHIO Takashi, 2013. "Revisiting the Labor Supply Effect of Social Security Earnings Test: New evidence from its elimination and reinstatement in Japan," Discussion papers 13016, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  7. Olivia S. Mitchell & John W. R. Phillips, 2012. "Retirement in Japan and the United States: Cross-national Comparisons using the Japanese Study of Aging and Retirement (JSTAR) and the U.S. Health and Retirement Study (HRS)," Working Papers wp270, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
  8. Shimizutani, Satoshi & Oshio, Takashi, 2012. "Public Pension Benefits Claiming Behavior: New Evidence from the Japanese Study on Aging and Retirement," CIS Discussion paper series 573, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  9. ICHIMURA Hidehiko & SHIMIZUTANI Satoshi, 2011. "Retirement Process in Japan: New evidence from Japanese Study on Aging and Retirement (JSTAR)," Discussion papers 11080, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  10. Shimizutani, Satoshi & Oshio, Takashi, 2009. "New Evidence on Initial Transition from Career Job to Retirement in Japan," PIE/CIS Discussion Paper 430, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

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