Integration of Pension, Assistance and Taxation: How to Balance Insurance Role with Redistribution Role
AbstractThe Pension Reform 2004 in Japan has fixed the schedule of contribution hike until 2017 and incorporated a, mechanism of maintaining the financial sustainability of pension funds to some extent. However, there still, remain a lot of problems including unequal burden-sharing, unqualified pensioners, old-age poverty and, missing of contribution records. These problems are fundamentally originated in the structure of Japanese, pension systems which are divided into several occupational groups. Firstly, this paper addresses the Japanese, pension system is "inefficient" in terms of both smoothing income (insurance role) and providing adequate, income (redistribution role), although the overall income level of Japanese elderly relative to young workers is, better than that of the OECD average. Secondly, the paper reveals this inefficiency derives from, fragmentations within pension systems, between pension and public assistance, and between pension and, taxation. Finally, the paper argues the urgency of integration of relevant provisions for ensuring old-age, income security in the context of rapid change in economic and social circumstances and discusses major issuesin proposing several alternatives for integration with reference to major OECD countries' experiences.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series PIE/CIS Discussion Paper with number 370.
Length: 85,  p.
Date of creation: Apr 2008
Date of revision:
Note: This paper was originally presented at the Tokyo Meeting for ESRI (Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office) International Collaboration Projects 2007, March 4&5 2008., "April 1, 2008" -- p. 1
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Postal: 2-1 Naka, Kunitachi City, Tokyo 186-8603
Web page: http://cis.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/
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universal pension; social insurance; integration; public assistance; taxation on pension;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
- H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
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