Analyzing Interplant Marginal Abatement Cost Differences: A Directional Output Distance Function Approach
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to compute and evaluate producers’ marginal abatement costs (MACs). These costs are obtained by calculating shadow prices of bad outputs from the production technology, which is represented by the estimated directional output distance function. To be more specific, this paper considers the Swedish pulp industry when the regulatory authority has granted each producing plant a maximally allowed emission level. In each case, area residents and other parties concerned have been allowed to express their views, which possibly prepared the way for other factors than prescribed by environmental law, to influence the stringency of the finally allowed emission levels and, therefore, the MACs. The main focus is on whether the calculated MACs reveal that differences between counties in, e.g., economical characteristics, were influential when the authority, during 1983-1990, restricted 12 geographically scattered pulp plants regarding emissions. The result indicates that the MACs vary between many of the plants and that county differences were taken into account when imposing environmental restrictions on the plants.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Umeå University, Department of Economics in its series Umeå Economic Studies with number 618.
Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: 16 Dec 2003
Date of revision:
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Postal: Department of Economics, Umeå University, S-901 87 Umeå, Sweden
Phone: 090 - 786 61 42
Fax: 090 - 77 23 02
Web page: http://www.econ.umu.se/
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bad output; environmental regulation; marginal abatement cost; shadow price; parametric directional output distance function;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
- D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
- L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
- Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
- R38 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Government Policy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-03-14 (All new papers)
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- Huhtala, Anni & Marklund, Per-Olov, 2005. "Environmental Targets and Shadow Prices of Bad Outputs in Organic and Conventional Farming," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24575, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
- Huhtala, Anni & Marklund, Per-Olov, 2005. "Incorporating environmental impacts into value added from organic and conventional farming," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19259, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
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