Costs and fairness of forest carbon sequestration in EU climate policy
AbstractLarge emissions of greenhouse gases are expected to cause major environmental problems in the future. European policy makers have therefore declared that they aim to implement cost-efficient and fair policies to reduce carbon emissions. The purpose of this paper is to assess whether the cost of the EU policies for 2020 can be reduced through the inclusion of carbon sequestration as and abatement option while also equity is improved. The assessment is done by numerical calculations using a chance-constrained partial equilibrium model of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and national effort-sharing targets, where forest sequestration is introduced as an uncertain abatement option. Fairness is evaluated by calculation of Gini-coefficients for six equity criteria to policy outcomes. The estimated Gini-coefficients range between 0.11 and 0.32 for the current policy, between 0.16 and 0.66 if sequestration is included and treated as certain, and between 0.19 and 0.38 when uncertainty about sequestration is taken into account and policy-makers wish to meet targets with at least 90 percent probability. The results show that fairness is reduced when sequestration is included and that the impact is larger when sequestration is treated as certain.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in its series Working Paper Series with number 2013:5.
Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 03 May 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published as Munnich Vass, Miriam, Katarina Elofsson and Ing-Marie Gren, 'An equity assessment of introducing uncertain forest carbon sequestration in the EU climate policy' in Energy Policy, 2013, pages 1432-1442.
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Postal: Department of Economics, Box 7013, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
Phone: 018-67 1724
Fax: 018-67 3502
Web page: http://www.slu.se/ekonomi
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carbon sequestration; costs; fairness; EU climate policy;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
- Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
- Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
- Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2013-05-22 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2013-05-22 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENV-2013-05-22 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-EUR-2013-05-22 (Microeconomic European Issues)
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