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Är inflationspolitiken på väg tillbaka?

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  • Hortlund, Per

    ()
    (The Ratio Institute)

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    Abstract

    Penninginflation är principiellt oriktig och kan liknas vid forna tiders myntförsämring. Den förvränger alltid marknadsdata - Inte bara relativpriser, men även kassaflöden – vilket försämrar resursallokeringen. ”Deflation” i betydelsen prissänkningar är av ondo enbart om den beror på att penningmängden deflateras, men inte om den beror på produktivitetsökningar. I tänkandet i Akerlof, Dickens & Perry [2000] och Lundborg och Sacklén [2001,2002], saknas väsentliga ting som kreditmarknader, räntor, kapital och banker. Därmed blir det svårt att dra normativa slutsatser om nyttan eller onyttan av penninginflation. Vidare missar Akerlof m fl, Lundborg och Sacklén den rationella förväntningsrevolutionens viktigaste insikt, nämligen att Phillipssambandet gäller så länge man inte försöker utnyttja det. Deras resonemang att löntagarnas nästan-rationalitet vid låga inflationstal skapar en möjlighet att lura dem, kan möjligtvis gälla i länder med stor andel oorganiserad arbetskraft som USA och Kanada, men knappast i länder med starka fackföreningar som Sverige. Penninginflation kan minska arbetslösheten på kort sikt, men den ökar den på lång sikt. Därför bör inflationen avskaffas.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by The Ratio Institute in its series Ratio Working Papers with number 14.

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    Length: 14 pages
    Date of creation: 18 Oct 2002
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:ratioi:0014

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    Postal: The Ratio Institute, P.O. Box 5095, SE-102 42 Stockholm, Sweden
    Phone: 08-441 59 00
    Fax: 08-441 59 29
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    Web page: http://www.ratio.se/
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    Related research

    Keywords: inflation; Phillips curve; deflation;

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