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A Decade of Tax and Benefit Reforms in Sweden - Effects on Labour Supply, Welfare and Inequality

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Author Info

  • Aronsson, Thomas
  • Palme, Mårten

    ()
    (Dept. of Economic Statistics, Stockholm School of Economics)

Abstract

Sweden has experienced a sequence of tax and benefit reforms during the last decade. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate these extensive reforms from the points of view of labour supply, welfare and inequality. As a basis of the analysis, we use the household labour supply model, which is estimated using cross- section data from 1980. Simulation of the model reveals that tax and benefit reforms have led to a considerable reduction of the excess burden. Regarding inequality we are less conclusive, since these results depend on whether we define "income" as disposable income or money metric utility.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Stockholm School of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance with number 18.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: May 1994
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Economica, 1998, pages 39-67.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:hastef:0018

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Postal: The Economic Research Institute, Stockholm School of Economics, P.O. Box 6501, 113 83 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: +46-(0)8-736 90 00
Fax: +46-(0)8-31 01 57
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Web page: http://www.hhs.se/
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Keywords: Household labour supply; equity-efficiency tradeoff;

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Cited by:
  1. Blomquist, Sören & Eklöf, Matias & Newey, Whitney, 1997. "Tax Reform Evaluation Using Nonparametric Methods: Sweden 1980 - 1991," Working Paper Series 1997:29, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  2. Agell, J. & Persson, M. and Sacklen, H., 1999. "Labor Supply Prediction when Tax Avoidance Matters," Papers 1999:16, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  3. Johan Willner & Lena Granqvist, 2002. "The Impact on Efficiency and Distribution of a Base-Broadening and Rate-Reducing Tax Reform," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 9(3), pages 273-294, May.
  4. Witterblad, Mikael, 2008. "Essays on Redistribution and Local Public Expenditures," UmeÃ¥ Economic Studies 731, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
  5. Tom Kornstad & Thor Olav Thoresen, 2006. "Effects of Family Policy Reforms in Norway. Results from a Joint Labor Supply and Child Care Choice Microsimulation Analysis," Discussion Papers 450, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  6. Agell, Jonas & Persson, Mats & Sacklén, Hans, 1999. "Labor Supply When Tax Avoidance Matters," Working Paper Series 157, Trade Union Institute for Economic Research.
  7. Thor O. Thoresen & Zhiyang Jia & Peter J. Lambert, 2013. "Distributional benchmarking in tax policy evaluations," Discussion Papers 765, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  8. Flodén, Martin & Linde, Jesper, 1998. "Idiosyncratic Risk in the U.S. and Sweden: Is there a Role for Government Insurance?," Seminar Papers 654, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
  9. Witterblad, Mikael, 2008. "The Demand for Local Public Services in Sweden," UmeÃ¥ Economic Studies 730, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
  10. Agell, Jonas & Persson, Mats & Sacklen, Hans, 2004. "The effects of tax reform on labor supply, tax revenue and welfare when tax avoidance matters," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 20(4), pages 963-982, November.
  11. Åsa Hansson, 2007. "Taxpayers' responsiveness to tax rate changes and implications for the cost of taxation in Sweden," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 14(5), pages 563-582, October.
  12. Liang, Che-Yuan, 2009. "Nonparametric Structural Estimation of Labor Supply in the Presence of Censoring," Working Paper Series, Center for Fiscal Studies 2009:6, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  13. Blomquist, S. & Newey, W., 1997. "Nonparametric Estimation of Labor Supply Functions Generated by Piece Wise Linear Budget Constraints," Papers 1997-24, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  14. Thomas Aronsson & James R. Walker, 2010. "Labor Supply, Tax Base and Public Policy in Sweden," NBER Chapters, in: Reforming the Welfare State: Recovery and Beyond in Sweden, pages 127-158 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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