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Verkstadsindustri i globaliseringens tidevarv. En studie av SKF och Volvo 1970-2000

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  • Broberg, Oskar

    ()
    (Department of Economic History, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)

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    Abstract

    This working paper explores the impact of the globalization process 1970-2000 on two manufacturing industries in the Gothenburg area –SKF and Volvo. Three aspects of the process are highlighted: the development of new Information and Communication Technology (ICT), the increased mobility of capital, and the increased importance of knowledge in manufacturing industry. The history of the two companies is analyzed from the early 1970s to the turn of the century, using literature and interviews. Firstly, the paper explores the organizational development of the two companies. The study shows how SKF and Volvo during these years transformed from being organized as nationally oriented hierarchies to become nodes in global networks. Secondly, a number of specific themes are explored, such as ownership, branding, R&D, and outsourcing. The international ownership increased and the production is now coordinated on a global scale. The main conclusion of this working paper is that SKF and Volvo are representatives of an emerging informational economy. The flexibility generated by new ICT and more liquid financial markets has proven to promote economic growth, while at the same time generate social conflicts as the labour security decreases.

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/2951
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of Gothenburg, Department of Economic History in its series Göteborg Papers in Economic History with number 5.

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    Length: 38 pages
    Date of creation: 28 Sep 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunhis:0005

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    Postal: Department of Economic History, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Box 640, SE 405 30 GÖTEBORG
    Phone: 031-773 47 50
    Fax: 031-773 47 39
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    Web page: http://www.econhist.gu.se/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Economic History; Business History; SKF; Volvo; Globalization; Outsourcing;

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    1. Studies on the automobile industry

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