Research Institutes in Germany: Basic and Applied Science institutionalized?
AbstractThe organization of post-war science has taken distinctly different paths in different countries, based on historical rationales, national funding patterns and institutional structure. The German Max Planck-Society is a research-only network of basic research institutes whose organization and establishment relies heavily on the high valuation of basic research, as well as principles of separation of basic and applied science and ideals of independent research. The paper investigates the historical roots and organizational character of this scientific milieu. Also, the separation between the Max Planck-Society and the more industrially orientated Franuhofer institutes is discussed and problemized. One conclusions is that in spite distinctly different roles in the German research landscape, separating basic from applied research, the two organization both stresses their usefulness and contribution to the “common good” in official presentations.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies in its series Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation with number 232.
Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 25 Aug 2010
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: +46 8 790 95 63
Web page: http://www.infra.kth.se/cesis/
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Research institutes; basic research; applied research; Max Planck Society; Fraunhofer Society; Germany; Research policy;
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- O00 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - General - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-09-03 (All new papers)
- NEP-EUR-2010-09-03 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-HIS-2010-09-03 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-IPR-2010-09-03 (Intellectual Property Rights)
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