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Équilibre Et Possibilité De Crises Dans Le Modèle De Reproduction Élargie De Marx

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  • Alain Béraud

    ()
    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - CNRS : UMR8184 - Université de Cergy Pontoise)

  • Carlo Benetti

    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université de Paris X - Nanterre)

  • Alain Béraud

    (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - CNRS : UMR8184 - Université de Cergy Pontoise)

  • Edith Klimovsky

    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université de Paris X - Nanterre)

  • Antoine Rebeyrol

    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université de Paris X - Nanterre)

Abstract

Dans les exemples numériques que Marx utilise pour étudier la reproduction du capital social, l‟économie atteint, dès la seconde période, un régime de croissance régulière. Ce résultat a surpris les lecteurs de Marx qui l‟ont interprété comme la propriété d‟un modèle qui exclut toute crise. On montre ici qu‟il n‟en est rien. Nous avons identifié deux formes de crise dont l‟occurrence dépend de la proportion entre les secteurs et du taux d‟accumulation du secteur qui produit les moyens de production. Suivant une suggestion de Marx, nous accordons une attention particulière à l‟analyse des conditions physiques de la reproduction, même si son schéma ne connaît que des quantités monétaires. Sur cette base, nous déterminons les proportions critiques au-delà desquelles une crise se produira. On montre que si, comme Marx l‟admet, les marchandises s‟échangent à leur valeur, les proportions critiques seront modifiées.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00573303.

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Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00573303

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Keywords: Marx; reproduction; crises;

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