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Du pluralisme dans la science

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  • Nicolas Bouleau

    ()
    (CIRED - Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement - Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement [CIRAD] : UMR56 - CNRS : UMR8568 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - AgroParisTech)

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    Abstract

    Dans le cadre d'un colloque de Cerisy sur le thème de "L'économie de la connaissance et ses territoires" nous étudions le caractère pluraliste de la connaissance et de la connaissance scientifique en particulier. Partant du cas des mathématiques d'abord par les exemples de l'analyse non-standard et des mathématiques japonaise de la période de l'Edo (Sangaku) nous analysons la modélisation comme représentation et interprétation du contexte de l'action d'un agent économique, nous tentons d'approfondir les forces et faiblesses du monisme. Nous dégageons ce que nous appelons le préjugé de supériorité analytique comme principale source de la confusion entre pluralisme et relativisme. Nous analysons finalement l'important phénomène de la bosse de Jules Dupuit lié à tout processus d'économisation, particulièrement en matière de connaissance.

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    File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/37/45/76/PDF/Du_pluralisme_dans_la_science.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00374576.

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    Date of creation: 15 Nov 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00374576

    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00374576
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    Keywords: pluralisme; monisme; analyse non-standard; sangaku; relativisme; économie de la connaissance;

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