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Banque coloniales, crédit et circulation: l'exemple de la Martinique 1848-1871

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Author Info

  • Agnès Festré

    ()
    (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - CNRS : UMR6227 - Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis)

  • Alain Raybaut

    ()
    (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - CNRS : UMR6227 - Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis)

Abstract

Cette contribution s'intéresse au fonctionnement de la banque de la Martinique dans la période de transition qui a suivi l'abolition de l'esclavage. L'article souligne le succès mitigé de cette institution en matière d'intermédiation financière. Si la banque a pu rationaliser la distribution de crédit et répondre aux contraintes de financement posées par la transition, elle a progressivement négligé sa vocation agricole initiale au profit d'une activité essentiellement commerciale. L'article met ainsi en évidence les conflits d'intérêts entre le monde agricole et celui du commerce. Il montre que cette situation conflictuelle a rendu d'autant plus délicate la gestion des problèmes monétaires rencontrés dans la période par cette économie mono-productrice.

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File URL: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/docs/00/40/88/29/PDF/Festre_Raybaut_Oeconomia_2008_Esclavage.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00408829.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Publication status: Published, Economies et Sociétés série Oeconomia, 2009, 43, 7-8, 1177-1199
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00408829

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00408829/en/
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Keywords: Banque coloniale; Transition post-esclavagiste; Crises de circulation; Banque de la Martinique;

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