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Stratégies évolutionnaires dans un modèle macroéconomique dynamique et complexe peuplé d'agents hétérogènes, autonomes et concurrents

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  • Pascal Seppecher

    ()
    (CEMAFI - Centre d'Etudes en Macroéconomie et Finance Internationale - Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis)

Abstract

Suivant la feuille de route tracée par Joan Robinson, nous avons construit un modèle d'économie monétaire de production avec monnaie endogène, peuplé d'agents hétérogènes, autonomes et concurrents. Dans ce papier, on se propose de relâcher l'hypothèse d'entreprises orientées vers la gestion des flux et stocks réels pour la remplacer par l'hypothèse d'entreprises orientées vers la réalisation de profits monétaires. On étudie la question de la modélisation des comportements de maximisation dans le contexte d'incertitude imposé par les systèmes dynamiques complexes. On montre comment les techniques de modélisation évolutionnaire peuvent apporter une réponse pertinente à cette question. On développe un algorithme évolutionnaire original par lequel les entreprises du modèle élaborent elles-mêmes leurs stratégies de fixation des prix pour tenter de maximiser leurs profits.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00533429.

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Date of creation: 26 Oct 2010
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Publication status: Published - Presented, Groupe de travail Analyses et modélisation postkeynésiennes, CEPN, 2010, Paris, France
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00533429

Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal-unice.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00533429/en/
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Web page: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

Related research

Keywords: complex adaptive system; agent-based computational economics; evolutionary economics; genetic algorithms; Nelder-Mead algorithm; evolutionary strategies; pricing; mark-up; income distribution; monetary production economy; endogenous money; entrepreneur economy;

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