Economic Growth, inequality and environment quality: An empirical analysis applied to developing and transition countries
AbstractThis article aims at examining the relationship between social inequalities and pollution. On the one hand, it proposes a survey which shows that from a theoretical point of view, a decrease in inequality has an undetermined effect on environment. On the other hand, on the basis of these theoretical considerations, we propose an econometric analysis based on panel data for developing and transition countries during the period 1988-2003. More precisely, we examine the effect of income inequalities on the degree of local pollution (sulphur dioxide emissions and organic water pollution) by integrating Gini index in the formulation of environmental Kuznets curve. Then, two effects may be tested: (i) a direct effect of inequalities on pollution; (ii) an indirect effect by which the degree of inequality influence pollution by his negative impact on political freedoms.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée in its series Cahiers du GREThA with number 2008-13.
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
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pollution; inequality; environmental Kuznets curve; panel data;
Other versions of this item:
- Matthieu CLEMENT (GREThA-GRES) & André MEUNIE (GREThA-GRES), 2008. "Economic Growth, inequality and environment quality: An empirical analysis applied to developing and transition countries," Cahiers du GRES 2008-10, Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales.
- C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
- Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
- Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
- Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-05-31 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENV-2008-05-31 (Environmental Economics)
- NEP-TRA-2008-05-31 (Transition Economics)
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- Alassane DRABO, 2010.
"Impact of Income Inequality on Health: Does Environment Quality Matter?,"
- Alassane Drabo, 2011. "Impact of income inequality on health: does environment quality matter?," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 43(1), pages 146-165, January.
- Alassane Drabo, 2011. "Impact of Income Inequality on Health: Does Environment Quality Matter?," Working Papers halshs-00552993, HAL.
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