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Economic Growth, inequality and environment quality: An empirical analysis applied to developing and transition countries

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  • Matthieu CLEMENT (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113)
  • André MEUNIE (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113)

Abstract

This article aims at examining the relationship between social inequalities and pollution. On the one hand, it proposes a survey which shows that from a theoretical point of view, a decrease in inequality has an undetermined effect on environment. On the other hand, on the basis of these theoretical considerations, we propose an econometric analysis based on panel data for developing and transition countries during the period 1988-2003. More precisely, we examine the effect of income inequalities on the degree of local pollution (sulphur dioxide emissions and organic water pollution) by integrating Gini index in the formulation of environmental Kuznets curve. Then, two effects may be tested: (i) a direct effect of inequalities on pollution; (ii) an indirect effect by which the degree of inequality influence pollution by his negative impact on political freedoms.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée in its series Cahiers du GREThA with number 2008-13.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:grt:wpegrt:2008-13

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Keywords: pollution; inequality; environmental Kuznets curve; panel data;

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Cited by:
  1. Alassane DRABO, 2010. "Impact of Income Inequality on Health: Does Environment Quality Matter?," Working Papers 201006, CERDI.

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