Trading Water and Resource Accessibility Conventions. The case of Sub-Saharian Africa(n) Metropolis (cities?) (In French)
AbstractThe issue of the accessibility to drinking water in large Sub-Saharian African Metropolis reveals the emergence of new conventions and new perceptions related to this resource. The current context shows an increasing number of actors. Since the 90’s, new norms are required to guide public-private partnerships engaged in redefining structural adjustment programs and in implementing a good governance. Moreover , Water can be considered as a primary resource but also as a public service and therefore induces new questionings about the link between efficacy and equity. Within an Economics of Convention approach it is possible to depart from traditional analysis based on economic efficacy as a central principle. By considering an approach beyond one in terms of strategic conventions our assumption is that a convention is based on an evaluation model and on behavioral rules. With this distinction it then possible to define four types of conventions that we call “human right”, “community”, “general interest”, “trade”. These constitute archetypes allowing the analysis of historical evolution of conventions and their interactions in Sub-Saharian African cities. Instead of simply identifying behavioral rules (state-owned company, delegation of public utilities, customery rules) our aim is to detect the underlying interpretation model. This is important because, in the end, the link between efficacy and equity is closely dependant on it. Thus, Economics of Conventions can highlight that beyond the “trading” principle other evaluation schemes exist and that the choice of a given principle stems from political choices. The issue of links between economics and politics is therefore of major importance in such a field.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales in its series Cahiers du GRES with number 2004-18.
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
governance; public-private partnership; non-trading company; urban services in Sub-Saharian Africa; accessibility to drinking watere; solidarity; efficiency/equity; Economie of conventions;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- O13 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
- O18 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
- O20 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - General
- O55 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
- H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
- I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
- Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water
- Q26 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-09-30 (All new papers)
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