Observational vs. Interactive Learning in Locational Choice: Evidences on ICT Clusters Formation and Stability
AbstractThe paper provides new insights into the mechanisms of “ICT clusters” formation. The basic assumption is that clusters can be explained as the result of a locational norm, i.e. as an alignment of locational choices proceeding from both mimetic behaviours and sequential and cumulative interactions. We distinguish informational externalities (and observational learning) from network externalities (and interactive learning) in location processes, in order to compare the respective economic properties of stability of locational cascades and locational clusters. We show as a result that informational effects play a major role in the formation of ICT clusters, whereas network effects are the significant condition of their stability. Silicon Valley and Silicon Sentier (Paris) are briefly studied and compared in order to illustrate our theoretical purpose.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Groupement de Recherches Economiques et Sociales in its series Cahiers du GRES with number 2004-10.
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
ICT clusters Informational externalities network externalities stability proximity;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search, Learning, and Information
- L86 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Information and Internet Services; Computer Software
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-06-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-EEC-2004-06-02 (European Economics)
- NEP-GEO-2004-06-02 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-URE-2004-06-02 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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- Christophe CARRINCAZEAUX (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2009. "Spatial dynamics of innovation (In French)," Cahiers du GREThA 2009-21, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
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