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A Market-Based Evaluation of Discretionary-Accrual Models


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  • Guay, W.
  • Kothari, S.P.
  • Watts, R.L.


Considerable research in accounting focuses on the role of accruals in capital market valuation and in contracting. The research shows accruals enable managers to improve on cash flows as a mesure of firm performance. However, since accruals provide managers with a means of managing reportedearnings, previous research also documents evidence of opportunistic accrual management. Opportunistic accruals are estimated using discretionary-accrual models that seek to separate earnings into discretionary accruals and nondiscretionary earnings.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Rochester, Business - Financial Research and Policy Studies in its series Papers with number 96-01.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: 1996
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:fth:robufr:96-01

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Cited by:
  1. Yves Mard, 2005. "Vers Une Information Comptable Plus Transparente : L'Apport Des Recherches Portant Sur La Gestion Des Résultats Comptables," Post-Print halshs-00581229, HAL.
  2. Hardjo Koerniadi & Alireza Tourani-Rad, 2007. "Accrual or Cash Flow Anomaly? Evidence from New Zealand," Accounting Research Journal, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 20(1), pages 21-36, May.
  3. Pornsit Jiraporn, 2005. "An empirical analysis of corporate takeover defences and earnings management: evidence from the US," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(5), pages 293-303.
  4. Wu, Ruei-Shian, 2014. "Predicting earnings management: A nonlinear approach," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 1-25.
  5. Armstrong, Christopher S. & Balakrishnan, Karthik & Cohen, Daniel, 2012. "Corporate governance and the information environment: Evidence from state antitakeover laws," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 185-204.
  6. Jeffrey Gramlich & Ole S�rensen, 2004. "Voluntary management earnings forecasts and discretionary accruals: evidence from Danish IPOs," European Accounting Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 235-259.
  7. W. M. McInnes, 2002. "An agency perspective on the accounting costs used in various roles in the regulation of a state-owned natural monopoly: The British Gas Corporation 1972-86," Accounting History Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 387-418.
  8. Paul Mather & Alan Ramsay, 2006. "The Effects of Board Characteristics on Earnings Management around Australian CEO Changes," Accounting Research Journal, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 19(2), pages 78-93, September.
  9. Réal Labelle & Rim Makni Gargouri & Claude Francoeur, 2010. "Ethics, Diversity Management, and Financial Reporting Quality," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 93(2), pages 335-353, May.
  10. Dimitrios D. Thomakos & George Papanastasopoulos & Tao Wang, 2007. "The Implications of Retained and Distributed Earnings for Future Profitability and Market Mispricing," Working Paper Series 46-07, The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis, revised Jul 2007.
  11. Tom Van Caneghem, 2004. "The impact of audit quality on earnings rounding-up behaviour: some UK evidence," European Accounting Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(4), pages 771-786.
  12. Rick Antle & Elizabeth Gordon & Ganapathi Narayanamoorthy & Ling Zhou, 2002. "The Joint Determination of Audit Fees, Non-Audit Fees, and Abnormal Accruals," Yale School of Management Working Papers amz2502, Yale School of Management, revised 02 May 2006.
  13. Datta, Sudip & Iskandar-Datta, Mai & Singh, Vivek, 2014. "Opaque financial reports and R2: Revisited," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 10-17.
  14. Jinhan Pae, 2005. "Expected Accrual Models: The Impact of Operating Cash Flows and Reversals of Accruals," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 24(1), pages 5-22, January.
  15. Juan Monterrey & Amparo Sánchez-Segura, 2006. "Las características socioeconómicas como incentivos para la información financiera: evidencia empírica española," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 30(3), pages 611-634, September.
  16. Yan Xiong & Haiyan Zhou & Sanjay Varshney, 2010. "The economic profitability of pre-IPO earnings management and IPO underperformance," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer, vol. 34(3), pages 229-256, July.
  17. José António Moreira & Peter F. Pope, 2006. "Unequal Impact of Conservatism on Accrual Measures and Drivers: Implications for the Specification of Accrual Models," CEF.UP Working Papers 0604, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  18. Hamadi Matoussi & Ben Hamadi Samia & Oussama Baklouti Mohamed, 2006. "Desagregation Des Accruals Discretionnaires Et Pertinence Du Benefice Comptable," Post-Print halshs-00558044, HAL.
  19. Dichev, Ilia D. & Graham, John R. & Harvey, Campbell R. & Rajgopal, Shiva, 2013. "Earnings quality: Evidence from the field," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 1-33.
  20. José A. C. Moreira & Peter F. Pope, 2007. "Piecewise Linear Accrual Models: do they really control for the asymmetric recognition of gains and losses?," CEF.UP Working Papers 0703, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  21. Aida Boudabbous Gassara & Ezzeddine Abaoub, 2007. "La Gestion Des Resultats Lors Des Introductions En Bourse Est Elle Informative ?," Post-Print halshs-00543206, HAL.
  22. Bikki Jaggi & Chen-lung Chin & Hsiou-wei William Lin & Picheng Lee, 2006. "Earnings forecast disclosure regulation and earnings management: evidence from Taiwan IPO firms," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 275-299, May.


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