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The Informational Role of Upstairs and Downstairs Trading

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  • Sanford J. Grossman

Abstract

Much of economic theory is concerned with understanding price determination in competitive markets. Such theories assume that all individuals continuously participate in one giant market where they can express their demands for all assets simultaneously as a function of a giant price vector. This assumption of simultaneous and continuous participation in all markets is inconsistent with two important facts: First, it is costly for an individual or an institution to continuously express demands in any single market, and second it is simply impossible to trade in all markets simultaneously. These two facts create a need for intermediaries. Much is known about the role of intermediaries as principals who add liquidity to markets by trading on their own account. However, far less is known about the informational role of intermediaries. In this paper, we will analyze the consequences of the fact that intermediaries play a fundamental role as repositories of information.

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Paper provided by Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research in its series Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers with number 22-90.

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Handle: RePEc:fth:pennfi:22-90

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Cited by:
  1. J.Ramon Martinez-Resano, 2005. "Size And Heterogeneity Matter. A Microstructure-Based Analysis Of Regulation Of Secondary Markets For Government Bonds," Finance 0508007, EconWPA.
  2. Katya Malinova & Andreas Park, 2009. "Liquidity, Volume, and Price Behavior: The Impact of Order vs. Quote Based Trading," Working Papers tecipa-358, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  3. Giovanni Cespa, 2003. "A Comparison of Stock Market Mechanism," CSEF Working Papers 94, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
  4. Agarwal, Sumit & Liu, Chunlin & Rhee, S. Ghon, 2007. "Where does price discovery occur for stocks traded in multiple markets? Evidence from Hong Kong and London," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 46-63, February.
  5. Grammig, Joachim & Schiereck, Dirk & Theissen, Erik, 2001. "Knowing me, knowing you: : Trader anonymity and informed trading in parallel markets," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 385-412, October.
  6. Brown, Philip & Thomson, Nathanial & Walsh, David, 1999. "Characteristics of the order flow through an electronic open limit order book," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 335-357, November.
  7. Goldstein, Michael A. & Kavajecz, Kenneth A., 2004. "Trading strategies during circuit breakers and extreme market movements," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 301-333, June.
  8. Malinova, Katya & Park, Andreas, 2013. "Liquidity, volume and price efficiency: The impact of order vs. quote driven trading," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 104-126.
  9. Geoffrey Booth, G. & Kallunki, Juha-Pekka & Lin, Ji-Chai & Martikainen, Teppo, 2000. "Internalization and stock price clustering: Finnish evidence," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 737-751, October.
  10. Chakravarty, Sugato, 2001. "Stealth-trading: Which traders' trades move stock prices?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 289-307, August.
  11. Kirilenko, Andrei A., 2000. "On the endogeneity of trading arrangements," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 287-314, August.
  12. Fan, Longzhen & Hu, Bill & Jiang, Christine, 2012. "Pricing and information content of block trades on the Shanghai Stock Exchange," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 378-397.
  13. José Ramón Martínez-Resano, 2005. "Size and heterogeneity matter. A microstructure-based analysis of regulation of secondary markets for governments bonds," Banco de Espa�a Occasional Papers 0501, Banco de Espa�a.
  14. G. Geoffrey Booth & Orkunt M. Dalgic & Juha-Pekka Kallunki & Petri Sahlström, 2007. "Entrepreneurial Stock Brokering and Switching Costs," Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance, Pepperdine University, Graziadio School of Business and Management, vol. 12(1), pages 1-8, Spring.
  15. Sylvain Friederich & Richard Payne, 2002. "Dealer liquidity in an auction market: evidence fom the London Stock Exchange," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 24947, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  16. Gomber, Peter & Sagade, Satchit & Theissen, Erik & Weber, Moritz Christian & Westheide, Christian, 2013. "Competition/fragmentation in equities markets: A literature survey," SAFE Working Paper Series 35, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
  17. Luisella Bosetti & Pietro Gottardo & Maurizio Murgia & Andrea Pinna, 2014. "The Impact of Large Orders in Electronic Markets," BEMPS - Bozen Economics & Management Paper Series BEMPS15, School of Economics and Management at the Free University of Bozen.
  18. Oehler, Andreas & Häcker, Mirko, 2003. "Kurseinfluss mittlerer und großer Transaktionen am deutschen Aktienmarkt," Discussion Papers 20, University of Bamberg, Chair of Finance.
  19. Daniel Weaver & Xing Zhou, 2010. "The value of the floor," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 35(3), pages 221-243, October.

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