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Investment Opportunities and the Design of Debt Securities

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  • Marcel Kahan
  • David Yermack

Abstract

We investigate a puzzling empirical regularity: the near-total absence of restrictive covenants from convertible bonds issued by U.S. companies. In a study of 192 recent debt issues, we find that an issuer's investment opportunities are negatively related to the presence of covenants and positively associated with the incidence of convertibility. The results support an interpretation that covenants impose costs by limiting managers' choices, leading firms that value managerial flexibility to prefer convertibility as a method of reducing the agency costs of debt.

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File URL: http://www.stern.nyu.edu/~sbrown/working/yermack/convert.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business- in its series New York University, Leonard N. Stern School Finance Department Working Paper Seires with number 96-31.

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Date of creation: Aug 1996
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Handle: RePEc:fth:nystfi:96-31

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Postal: U.S.A.; New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics . 44 West 4th Street. New York, New York 10012-1126
Phone: (212) 998-0100
Web page: http://w4.stern.nyu.edu/finance/
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Cited by:
  1. King, Tao-Hsien Dolly & Wen, Min-Ming, 2011. "Shareholder governance, bondholder governance, and managerial risk-taking," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 512-531, March.
  2. Black, Ervin L. & Carnes, Thomas A. & Mosebach, Michael & Moyer, Susan E., 2004. "Regulatory monitoring as a substitute for debt covenants," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 367-391, September.
  3. Howe, John S. & Su, Tie, 2001. "Discretionary reductions in warrant exercise prices," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 227-252, August.
  4. King, Tao-Hsien Dolly & Mauer, David C., 2014. "Determinants of corporate call policy for convertible bonds," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 112-134.
  5. Lewis, Craig M. & Rogalski, Richard J. & Seward, James K., 2003. "Industry conditions, growth opportunities and market reactions to convertible debt financing decisions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 153-181, January.
  6. Michael R Roberts & Michael Bradley, 2004. "Are Bond Covenants Priced?," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings 7, Econometric Society.
  7. Dailami, Mansoor & Hauswald, Robert, 2000. "Risk shifting and long-term contracts : evidence from the Ras Gas Project," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2469, The World Bank.
  8. Nash, Robert C. & Netter, Jeffry M. & Poulsen, Annette B., 2003. "Determinants of contractual relations between shareholders and bondholders: investment opportunities and restrictive covenants," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 201-232, March.
  9. John, Kose & Reisz, Alexander S., 2010. "Temporal resolution of uncertainty, disclosure policy, and corporate debt yields," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 655-678, December.
  10. Flavio Bazzana & Anna Zadorozhnaya & Roberto Gabriele, 2014. "The role of covenants in bond issue and investment policy. The case of Russian companies," DEM Discussion Papers 2014/05, Department of Economics and Management.

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