Estado, Estado-nação e revolução capitalista
AbstractThis paper distinguishes the state (the law system and the organization thatguarantees it) from the nation-state or country – the territorial political unit formed by anation, a state and a territory. Second, it defines nation and civil society, understanding themthat the nation and the civil society are the two forms of politically organized society thatwork as intermediary between society and the state. The formation of the nation-states and theindustrial revolution are part of the capitalist revolution. Since that crucial historicaltransformation takes place in each giving society progress or development follows: theabsolute state changes into the liberal one, and the liberal state into the democratic state,whereas the nation and civil society also get less unequal or more “democratized”. In thishistorical process the state is the basic instrument of collective action of the nation or of civilsociety.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) in its series Textos para discussão with number 272.
Date of creation: 05 Nov 2010
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