Labour Tax Reforms and Labour Demand in Finland 1997-2001
AbstractThe report describes the development of labour taxation in Finland since the launching of the Employment Guidelines (EG) in 1997. The taxes considered include state and municipal taxes on earned income as well as social security payments of employees and employers. We find that the Finnish tax policies have been broadly in line with the EG goals of ?making the taxation more employment friendly? and targeting tax cuts to the low-paid workers. The size of the tax cuts has nevertheless been relatively modest and are unlikely to have any remarkable effects on labour demand. According to our illustrative calculations, the reduction in income taxes and social security payments could account for some 10 per cent of the overall improvement in employment since 1997. Also, the tax cuts seem to have favoured wage earners with relatively high annual income. At the aggregate level, the average effective tax burden on labour still lies clearly above the EU-average.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT) in its series Discussion Papers with number 273.
Date of creation: 06 May 2002
Date of revision:
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
- J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
- J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
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- Lehmus, Markku, 2014. "Distributional and employment effects of labour tax changes in Finland," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 107-120.
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