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Efectos de género en las escuelas, un enfoque basado en cohortes de edad

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  • Antonio Ciccone
  • Walter Garcia-Fontes

Abstract

Estimamos los efectos de pares relacionados con el género en las escuelas explotando las diferencias en la composición de género entre cohortes de edad. Nuestro enfoque difiere de la literatura existente la cual se basa en diferencias en la composición entre cursos escolares adyacentes. Mostramos que la estrategia basada en cohortes de edad es una alternativa conveniente ya que la que se basa en cursos escolares en general produce estimaciones de efectos de pares de género sesgados cuando la tasa de repetición es positiva (la mayoría de los sistemas escolares permiten repetir curso a los alumnos). La estrategia de cohortes de edad aplicada a las escuelas primarias de España indica un efecto de pares positivo y significativo de las niñas sobre el rendimiento académico de los niños y un efecto no significativo sobre las niñas. El enfoque basado en el curso escolar produce el resultado opuesto. Simulaciones contrafactuales sugieren que las estrategias basadas en cohortes de edad y las basadas en el curso escolar pueden producir diferentes patrones de efectos de pares relacionados con el género incluso cuando las tasas de repetición escolar son bajas.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by FEDEA in its series Working Papers with number 2013-19.

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Date of creation: Dec 2013
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Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2013-19

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