Value Added and Contextual Factors in Education: Evidence from Chilean Chools
AbstractThere is consensus in the literature about the need to control for socioeconomic status and other contextual variables at student and school level in the estimation of value added models, for which methodologies rely on hierarchical linear models. However, this approach is problematic because the nature of their estimate is a comparison with a school mean, implying no real incentive for performance excellence. Meanwhile, activity analysis models recently developed to estimate school value added have been unable to control for contextual variables. We propose a robust frontier model to estimate contextual value added which integrates recent advances in the activity analysis literature. We provide an application to a sample of schools in Chile, where reforms have been made in the educational system focusing on the need for accountability measures. Results indicate the general relevance of including contextual variables, and explain the performance differentials found for the three school types.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Fundacion BBVA / BBVA Foundation in its series Working Papers with number 2013129.
Date of creation: Nov 2013
Date of revision:
Efficiency; order-m; school effectiveness; value added.;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-11-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2013-11-16 (Education)
- NEP-EFF-2013-11-16 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-LAM-2013-11-16 (Central & South America)
- NEP-URE-2013-11-16 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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