Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login

Labor Productivity and Gender Equality: Why do Japanese firms keep failing, what they should do, and what the government should do? (Japanese)

Contents:

Author Info

  • YAMAGUCHI Kazuo
Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    This paper employs a macro-data analysis of GDP per hour among the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries and a micro-data analysis of the performance of Japanese firms, and examines how Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) is associated with GDP per hour, and how the work-life balance (WLB) practices of firms affect their performance, measured by the gross margin per employee or per hour for the employees' total hours of work. Since gross margin can take on negative values, the analysis that uses the logarithm of gross margin per employee or per hour as the dependent variable employs the Tobit regression model. The results of the analyses show the following. While GEM has no unique association with GDP per capita, controlling for the Human Development Index (HDI), it shows a significant positive association with GDP per hour, controlling for HDI, and thereby suggests the association of the utilization of women's human resources with productivity per hour. Among Japanese firms, those that have concrete WLB practices and consider "encouraging employees to fulfill their potential regardless of gender" as very important in their management practices more so than other firms perform better, but they are still scarce in Japan. Unlike the results for male regular employees, firms' performance does not depend on the educational composition of female regular employees, thereby suggesting that Japanese firms on average fail to utilize the human resources of highly educated women. However, controlling for the gender ratio of regular employees, firms with a higher ratio of women in their managerial/administrative positions demonstrate better performance. In addition, as the ratio of women in managerial/administrative positions increases, a positive effect of the average educational attainment of female employees on firms' performance emerges. However, the average ratio of women in managerial/administrative positions is still very low among Japanese firms. The policy implications of those findings are also discussed.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://www.rieti.go.jp/jp/publications/dp/11j069.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) in its series Discussion Papers (Japanese) with number 11069.

    as in new window
    Length: 44 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:eti:rdpsjp:11069

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: 11th floor, Annex, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) 1-3-1, Kasumigaseki Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-8901
    Phone: +81-3-3501-1363
    Fax: +81-3-3501-8577
    Email:
    Web page: http://www.rieti.go.jp/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords:

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eti:rdpsjp:11069. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (NUKATANI Sorahiko).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.