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Europe in Transformation: How to Reconstitute Democracy?

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  • Erik Oddvar Eriksen
  • John Erik Fossum
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    Abstract

    Europeanisation and globalisation are frequently held to undermine national democracy. What are then the prospects for democracy in the multi-level constellation that makes up the contemporary European political order? The European debate has taken the question of democracy beyond the nation state. But can there be democracy without nation and state? The authors present three different models for how democracy can be reconstituted within the multileveled European context. It can be reconstituted at the national level, as delegated democracy with a concomitant reframing of the EU as a functional regulatory regime. Democracy can be reconstituted through establishing the EU as a multi-national state based on a common identity(ies) and solidaristic allegiance strong enough to undertake collective action. Democracy can also be reconstituted through the development of a post-national Union with an explicit cosmopolitan imprint. This entails an EU with some governmental functions, and which actively takes measures to become a regional cosmopolitan entity in a reformed world order. These are the only viable models of European democracy, as these are the only ones that can ensure equal membership in a self-governing polity. They differ however with regard to both applicability and robustness.

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    File URL: http://www.reconproject.eu/main.php/RECON_wp_0701.pdf?fileitem=5456091
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by RECON in its series RECON Online Working Papers Series with number 1.

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    Date of creation: 15 Mar 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:erp:reconx:p0001

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    Web page: http://www.reconproject.eu

    Related research

    Keywords: deliberative democracy; democracy; democratization; Europeanization; federalism; intergovernmentalism; legitimacy; multilevel governance; supranationalism;

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    Cited by:
    1. Dionysia Tamvaki, 2009. "Using Eurobarometer data on voter participation in the 2004 European elections to test the RECON models," RECON Online Working Papers Series 13, RECON.
    2. Hans-Jörg Trenz, Nadine Bernhard & Erik Jentges, 2009. "Civil society and EU constitution-making: Towards a European social constituency?," RECON Online Working Papers Series 7, RECON.
    3. Christopher Lord, 2008. "Some indicators of the democratic performance of the European Union and how they might relate to the RECON models," RECON Online Working Papers Series 11, RECON.

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