Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

General Versus Vocational High Schools and Labor Market Outcomes in Turkey


Author Info

  • Aysit Tansel

    (Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University)


The main objective of this paper is to provide evidence on the extent of the wage differential between general and vocational high school graduates who do not go on to higher education. School selection is modeled with a three-way multinominal logit model. Selectivity corrected wage equations are estimated for general and vocational high school graduates. Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition of the wage differential is performed. Analysis is carried out for males and females separately. Individual level data from 1994 Household Expenditure Survey conducted by the State Institute of Statistics are used in the analysis. The main finding is that when controlled for observed characteristics and sample selection, for men, wages of vocational high school graduates are larger than those of the general high school graduates. It was not possible to make a comparison for women due to poor wage equation estimates for vocational high school female graduates. Second, lower unemployment rates are observed among vocational high school graduates than among general high school graduates for both men and women. Third, for men, private returns to vocational high schooling are higher than general high schooling. Thus, labor market outcomes in terms of private rates of return to schooling, unemployment rates and wages favor vocational high schools than general high schools.

Download Info

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
File URL:
Our checks indicate that this address may not be valid because: 500 Can't connect to (10060). If this is indeed the case, please notify (Namees Nabeel)
Download Restriction: no

File URL:
Our checks indicate that this address may not be valid because: 500 Can't connect to (10060). If this is indeed the case, please notify (Namees Nabeel)
Download Restriction: no

Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Economic Research Forum in its series Working Papers with number 9905.

as in new window
Length: 15 pages
Date of creation: Feb 1999
Date of revision: Feb 1999
Publication status: Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)
Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:9905

Contact details of provider:
Postal: 7 Boulos Hanna Street, Dokki, Cairo
Phone: 202-3370810
Fax: 202-3616042
Web page:
More information through EDIRC

Related research



No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.


Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
as in new window

Cited by:
  1. Tansel, Aysit, 2013. "Supplementary Education in Turkey: Recent Developments and Future Prospects," MPRA Paper 50213, University Library of Munich, Germany.


This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.


Access and download statistics


When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:9905. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Namees Nabeel).

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.