The BP Amoco/ARCO Merger: Alaskan Crude Oil
AbstractThe merger of British Petroleum and Atlantic Richfield as proposed would have made BP the sole operator and 70 percent owner of Alaska's oil fields. The Federal Trade Commission challenged the merger partly out of concern for higher West Coast gasoline prices, and required a divestiture ARCO's entire Alaskan business. However, West Coast crude prices are governed by the cost of the marginal source of supply to the region, imported oil. Because any cutback in sales of Alaskan oil on the West Coast could be offset with higher imports, with minimal impact on the import price, the merger would have raised crude prices by tenths of a penny per gallon at the most. The impact on consumer prices was even more tenuous. More serious concerns, which were given less attention, were that BP might gain monopsony power in bidding for oil leases and perhaps in negotiating with suppliers.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Stanford University, Graduate School of Business in its series Research Papers with number 1739r.
Date of creation: Nov 2002
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Postal: Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5015
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