Gender differences in individual income in old age
AbstractThis paper investigates the sources of the differences between men's and women's pension income among individuals aged 65+. We model the probability of receipt of private pension income and the level of individual pension income using regression models, and investigate gender differences using Blinder-Oaxaca-type decomposition techniques. Estimates are based on data from the British Household Panel Survey, combining panel data from waves 1-10 and the retrospective lifetime employment histories. We find that about three-quarters of the gender gap in the probability of pension receipt and in the amount received is accounted for by differences by sex in the returns to personal characteristics and the remaining 25 percent by differences by sex in the characteristics themselves. In particular, although there are marked differences between elderly men and elderly women in their employment histories (representing a large fraction of the sex-differential in average characteristics), these differences account for only a relatively small fraction of the overall pension income gap between the sexes.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Royal Economic Society in its series Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 with number 15.
Date of creation: 04 Jun 2003
Date of revision:
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pensions; income; gender income gap; old age;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
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