Three residual income valuation methods and discounted cash flow valuation
AbstractIn this paper we show that the three residual Income models for equity valuation always yield the same value as the Discounted Cash Flow Valuation models. We use three residual income measures: Economic Profit, Economic Value Added (EVA) and Cash Value Added. We also show that economic profit and EVA are different, although Copeland, Koller and Murrin (2000, page 55) say that economic profit is a synonym of EVA. Specifically, we first show that the present value of the Economic Profit discounted at the required return to equity plus the equity book value equals the value of equity. The value of equity is the present value of the Equity cash flow discounted at the required return to equity. Then, we show that the present value of the EVA discounted at the WACC plus the enterprise book value (equity plus debt) is the enterprise market value. The enterprise market value is the present value of the Free cash flow discounted at the WACC. Then, we show that the present value of the Cash Value Added discounted at the WACC plus the enterprise book value (equity plus debt) is the enterprise market value. The enterprise market value is the present value of the Free cash flow discounted at the WACC.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by IESE Business School in its series IESE Research Papers with number D/487.
Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: 15 Jan 2003
Date of revision:
cash value added; EVA; economic profit; residual income valuation; discounted cash flow valuation; valuation;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing
- G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
- M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics
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