Advanced Search
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Institutional and anthropological theories of leadership: Bridging a gap of 40 years, The

Contents:

Author Info

  • Caparas, Victoria

    (University of Asia & the Pacific, Manila)

  • Chinchilla, Nuria

    ()
    (IESE Business School)

Registered author(s):

    Abstract

    The paper explores the similarities and differences between Selznick's institutional leadership theory and Pérez López's anthropological leadership model, while underscoring the significance of their thought to contemporary research questions in mainstream leadership studies. The paper is divided into three major parts: The first part highlights the institutional theory of leadership of Philip Selznick, a renowned sociologist whose works have had a lasting impact on organizational studies, as is evidenced by the continued allusions to his seminal ideas on institutionalism and leadership. Selznick's leadership theory postulates leadership as a managerial function to defend institutional integrity. His theory's assumptions (time, space and values) are compared and contrasted with various leadership schools, such as the trait approach, the leadership style paradigm, situational relativity thinking and transformational or charismatic leadership research. The consequences of Selznick's lack of clarity in the concept of «values» is explored. The second part introduces the anthropological theory of leadership of Pérez López and highlights its principal ideas. Pérez López defines the organization as an institution that coordinates human actions as a means to satisfy three types of human needs- material, cognitive and affective. The institution will aim to give meaning to all human activities. It will be concerned not only with what is done and how it is done but also with why it is done. In this regard, the manager as the leader will work to improve his subordinates' evaluative knowledge. He will help his subordinates to find the real value of what they are doing, to evaluate the effects of their actions on other people, and to elevate their motives so that they learn to act moved by transcendent motives. In this way, the manager as a leader improves the organization's unity. The third part evaluates how Pérez López learned from the strengths and weaknesses of his predecessor's valuable insights. It is shown how Pérez López expounds on the institutional perspective of organizations using a framework of human motivations, and how he gives more clarity to the nature of and relationships between institutions, values and leadership. The complementarity between Pérez López and Selznick is found precisely in the level of analysis: the former goes deeper than the latter into the core of organizational actions -the internal states and processes of individual persons. The paper ends by recommending the empirical testing of the anthropological theory of leadership.

    Download Info

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
    File URL: http://databases.iese.edu/investigacion.qry?function=detail&Layout_0_uid1=35915
    Our checks indicate that this address may not be valid because: 500 Can't connect to databases.iese.edu:80 (Bad hostname). If this is indeed the case, please notify (Silvia Jimenez)
    Download Restriction: no

    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by IESE Business School in its series IESE Research Papers with number D/407.

    as in new window
    Length: 13 pages
    Date of creation: 23 Jan 2000
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ebg:iesewp:d-0407

    Contact details of provider:
    Postal: IESE Business School, Av Pearson 21, 08034 Barcelona, SPAIN
    Web page: http://www.iese.edu/
    More information through EDIRC

    Related research

    Keywords: anthropological theories; leadership;

    Find related papers by JEL classification:

    References

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    Citations

    Lists

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ebg:iesewp:d-0407. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Silvia Jimenez).

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.