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The investment climate for climate investment: Joint Implementation in transition countries

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Author Info

  • Samuel Fankhauser

    (European Bank of Reconstruction and Development)

  • Lucia Lavric

    (European Bank of Reconstruction and Development)

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    Abstract

    Under the Kyoto Protocol, transition countries are expected to become important players in the emerging market for greenhouse gas emission reductions, as they can reduce emissions at a relatively low cost. However, the attractiveness of the region as a supplier of emission reductions will not only depend on its cost advantage. It will also rely heavily on the business climate offered to carbon investors. Factors like a well-functioning legal and regulatory system, economic and political stability and the capacity to process emission reduction projects efficiently will be key. This paper looks at the carbon investment climate in the transition countries eligible for Joint Implementation (JI) – Russia, Ukraine, Croatia and the EU accession countries of the region. It concludes that JI investors will face a clear trade off between the scope for cheap JI on the one hand, and the quality of the business environment and JI institutions on the other. The countries with the highest potential for cheap emission reductions also tend to be the countries with the most difficult investment climate. The institutional capacity for JI is lowest in countries where the business environment and institutions are generally weak. It is also low in the most carbon-efficient countries, where there is less scope for, and hence less interest in, JI.

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    File URL: http://www.ebrd.com/downloads/research/economics/workingpapers/wp0077.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Office of the Chief Economist in its series Working Papers with number 77.

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    Length: 31 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2003
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ebd:wpaper:77

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    Related research

    Keywords: business environment; climate change; Joint Implementation; transition;

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    Cited by:
    1. Jung, Martina, 2006. "Host country attractiveness for CDM non-sink projects," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(15), pages 2173-2184, October.
    2. Zhao, Xingshu & Michaelowa, Axel, 2006. "CDM potential for rural transition in China case study: Options in Yinzhou district, Zhejiang province," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(14), pages 1867-1882, September.
    3. Winkelman, Andrew G. & Moore, Michael R., 2011. "Explaining the differential distribution of Clean Development Mechanism projects across host countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 1132-1143, March.
    4. Xie, Huiming & Shen, Manhong & Wang, Rui, 2014. "Determinants of clean development mechanism activity: Evidence from China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 797-806.
    5. Pettersson, Fredrik, 2007. "Carbon pricing and the diffusion of renewable power generation in Eastern Europe: A linear programming approach," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 2412-2425, April.
    6. Nijnik, Maria & Bizikova, Livia, 2008. "Responding to the Kyoto Protocol through forestry: A comparison of opportunities for several countries in Europe," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 257-269, February.

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